A contaminated land assessment is used to evaluate the potential for hazardous substances that may be present on site to cause harm or damage, to consider the level of risk and whether any actions are required to manage or mitigate the risk. Assessment uses the CLR11 source-pathway-receptor pollutant linkage method. Land is considered to be contaminated if:
Even apparent greenfield sites may be contaminated. Environmental phase 1 desk study reports provide a range of options to obtain a good understanding of the site’s history, setting and potential to be affected by contamination.
Contaminated land assessments are required as part of a planning application or to discharge planning conditions imposed by a local planning authority, the Environment Agency or the National House Building Council. These are very common for brownfield land, but could be applied wherever there is a history of past industrial use.
Local Authorities will require a contaminated land risk assessment to be provided as part of its planning conditions or in pre-planning submissions. Depending on the nature of the site, its industrial past and its sensitivity in its setting, there may be a requirement for more detailed site investigations.
Architects and planning consultants need to be able to advise their client on any potential land quality issues that could affect the economic viability of the development project. They also need to flag up any potential liability concerns for remediation and/or pollution issues that their client may inherit. This can in turn affect commercial lending and insurance terms.
Find out more about how GeoSmart can assist in relation to Contaminated Land at your Site here.
Sometimes a soil survey may be recommended by regulating bodies and it is important to review if mapped data is sufficient or site investigation and sampling is required. Further information on the different aspects of a contaminated land assessment is available from our top articles section.
Planning conditions on Contaminated Land Risk Assessment vary across the country. It is crucial that Architects and planning consultants understand these differences, assess the site and are aware of the further investigations that may be necessary to be included in a future remediation strategy for the site.
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We have many years experience in assessing land quality, site investigations and recommending next steps, as part of Master planning and pre-application submissions.
We have a proven track record of delivering successful outcomes through our technical expertise.
Our contaminated land risk assessment reports provide:
A Phase 1 Contaminated Land Report is a literature-based review designed to give an overview of the risk of land or groundwater contamination to end-users (house occupiers or workers) and the immediate environment.
A Phase 1 Study collates relevant information from a variety of sources relating to the setting of the site and its previous historical uses. The end product is an interpretive report that contains a qualitative risk assessment, including a conceptual site model that describes the potentially significant sources of contamination, receptors and pathways.
The study involves multiple sources of information often including Ordnance Survey maps, geological and groundwater vulnerability maps, aerial photographs, local and national archives, and newspapers and registers held by relevant regulatory agencies. A site walkover (land investigation) may be required to support the collated desk-based information, to provide details of the current condition of the site, and to gather evidence of potential contamination.
When a site walkover is requested, we will generally conduct the walkover following the initial desk study to ensure a ‘best value’ approach in meeting regulations and individual report needs.
A Phase 1 Study collates relevant information from a variety of sources relating to the site setting and its previous historical uses. The end product is an interpretive report that describes the likely presence of any contamination within the subsurface, and the potential risks that this may pose to future site users and the immediate environment. A site walkover may be required to support the desk study information and to provide greater certainty in the report findings.
If land is highlighted by the local planning authority as potentially being contaminated, the authority’s Contaminated Land Officer is likely to impose a planning condition that an assessment must be completed for clarification. Until that assessment has been completed and accepted by the Contaminated Land Officer, the development should not proceed.
The original polluter of the land is officially the person or organisation responsible for any liabilities relating to land contamination. As the pollution may have occurred decades earlier, potentially prior to legislation, this person or organisation may never be found and it is therefore the new owner who will be responsible. It is essential that the person responsible for undertaking the property purchase or development, and their legal advisor, understands the degree of risks and potential financial implications.
Each local authority has a general responsibility for identifying and deciding on necessary actions in relation to contaminated land in its area. Land can potentially be sold when contaminated and the responsibility may end up being passed onto the new owner, or indeed a bank or mortgage lender if the new purchaser was to default. In summary, professional advice should always be sought prior to purchase on any previously developed land.